Barb Schroeder

Congratulations to Barb Schroeder for 20 years with ESD Waste2Water, Inc! Barb has been an integral part of ESD Waste2Water Inc.’s development.  She manages accounting and the day to day office operations.  Barb wears a variety of “hats”  and is always willing to take a second to lend a hand or answer a question.  On top of her normal everyday responsibilities, Barb also spearheads the annual holiday fundraisers for local charities or families in need.  Thank you for being a valuable ESD Waste2Water, Inc. Team Member!

Interested in learning more about our HSMS System and how it works with our wash racks? See just how it works below!

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Kevin Hawkins

Congratulations to Kevin Hawkins for 20 years as a valued member of ESD Waste2Water, Inc.  His hard work and dedication helped grow a small company into a Worldwide leader in manufacturing / installing Wash Water and Environmental Remediation Equipment.  Welcome to the 20 Year Club Kevin!

The ESD Pressure Pump is regulated by a 30 – 50 PSI Pressure Switch to Turn On & Off the pump.  At times the pressure switch needs to be adjusted.

Steps to Adjust the Pressure Switch on a Pump

  • Using a 5/16” Wrench, remove the pressure switch cover
    • SAFETY ALERT – do not touch any of the exposed wires
  • Use a 3/8” to Tighten or loosen the larger spring (Rear Nut) to adjust the On & Off Pressures for the pump
  • Use a 3/8” to Tighten or loosen the smaller spring (Front Nut) to adjust the Off Pressure only for the pump
  • Check the adjusts made to the pressure switch – the Pressure Pump should Turn On at 30 PSI and Turn Off at 50 PSI
  • After adjustments have been made at the Pressure Pump is set, re-install the pressure switch cover

If additional assistance is needed contact ESD Waste2Water, Inc Service at 800-277-3279

Steps to Replace a Regenerative Blower

  • Turn Blower Switch & Main electrical breaker is off
    • Safety Alert: Turn Blower Switch & Main Electrical Breaker to the “Off” Position
  • Remove Regenerative Blower Motor Cover
  • Confirm Power is off with Multimeter
  • Remove (4) Bolts & nuts from mounting plate
  • Loosen and Remove 1 ½” PVC Connection
  • Disconnect wires coming through conduit
  • Remove conduit 90 and push wires through
  • Properly reconnect wires with wire nuts to new Regenerative Blower – properly connect with wire nuts
  • Re-install Regenerative Blower motor cover
  • Re-Install (4) nuts & bolts on mounting plate
  • Reconnect / tighten 1 ½” union
  • Turn Main Electrical Breaker & Blower Switch to the “On” Position

If additional assistance is needed contact ESD Waste2Water, Inc Service at 1-800-277-3279

Order Vane Replacement Kit from ESD Waste2Water, Inc – Part #’s: 3042 (Replacement Vanes), 3043 (Inlet Air Filter) & 3044 (Discharge Air Filter)

Steps to Replace a Compressor Vane:

  • SAFETY FIRST: If Compressor is installed in ESD Waste2Water, Inc System – confirm Blower Switch is in the “Off” position and confirm electrical breaker in electrical panel is off
  • Remove Foam Cover from Pressure Regulator Valve
  • Remove Compressor Cover – use 5 mm Allen Wrench
  • Remove Filter Housing
  • Remove and dispose of Inlet and Outlet Air Filters
  • Remove Compressor Head Cover
  • Remove (7) used vanes – rotate compressor head to confirm movement & to access vanes for removal
  • Note: Wear from used vane vs. New Vane
  • Clean the compressor head with a dry cloth
  • Re-install new vanes into slots
  • Note: New Vanes should be installed so the angle of the vane touching the compressor head should match the angle
  • Rotate the compressor head after vanes are installed to confirm the vanes drop to meet the compressor head
  • Note: New Vanes should match the diameter of the compressor head – if gaps are present the vane may need to be turned
  • Re-install Compressor Head cover
  • Install New Air Filters in filter housing cover
  • Hint: Discharge Air Filter (Metallic Covered Filter) on top, Inlet Air Filter (White Filter) on bottom
  • Re-install filter housing cover
  • Re-install outer compressor cover
  • Re-install foam pressure regulator cover
  • If Compressor is installed in ESD Waste2Water, Inc System – turn Blower Switch to the “On” position and turn the electrical breaker back on as well so the system can return to normal operation.


For additional information, contact us online today!

Steps for Microbe Inoculation:

  • Why inoculate a Biological System Weekly: The process of introducing a fresh batch of microbes on a weekly basis is to keep the microbial colony active inside of the Biological System.  This also allows an Operator to check the system to confirm:
    • A) The aeration is working
    • B) The System has a proper operating level
    • C) There is not an odor (pH level is correct)
  • To inoculate the Biological Wash Water System:
    • Open the furthest aeration chamber lid of the Biological System (confirm aeration is present)
    • Retrieve an ESD Waste2Water, Inc 101 or 201 Microbe bottle from a refrigerated source – Open the bottle and pour the contents into the Biological System
    • Close the biological tank lid
  • If additional assistance is needed contact ESD Waste2Water, Inc Service at 1-800-277-3279

  • Rotate valve between the Pressure Pump and Cartridge Filter Housing to the “Off” Position
  • Open the Drain Valve at the bottom of the Cartridge Filter Housing to drain the filter housing so the Pressure is Zero
  • Remove the Filter Housing Clamp using a ½” Wrench
  • Remove the ESD Reusable Cartridge Filter (ESD Part #: 4019)
  • Clean the Cartridge Filter pleats with a garden hose
    • Note: Do not use a pressure washer to clean – it will rip the polyester filter and will need to be replaced
  • Clean the Cartridge Filter until all of the pleats have the material removed
  • Re-install Cartridge Filter into Cartridge Filter Housing
  • Re-install Cartridge Filter Lid and Clamp – tighten clamp
  • Rotate valve between the Pressure Pump and Cartridge Filter Housing to the “On” Position
  • Inspect Cartridge Filter Housing for leaks

Jump to:
General Maintenance | Maintaining the Green | Chemical Usage | Golf Course Pond Maintenance | Trees and Landscaping | Equipment Maintenance


Managing golf courses are a challenge for even the most experienced operators. Golf courses are a unique business where an artificial outdoor playing environment has to blend with nature and appear as natural as possible. Designing a course that makes golfers feel they’re part of the landscape while focusing on lowering their score is no easy feat. Neither is maintaining the course and equipment to keep it in peak condition.

Golf course managers and maintainers require a tremendous amount of knowledge. To “keep the green,” these experienced professionals must know everything from chemicals to cart repair. They also have to be knowledgeable in integrated pest management, irrigation techniques and equipment maintenance. That’s a diverse spectrum to handle, but golf course maintenance gets done daily at thousands of courses across America.

Golf courses are far too complicated for single individuals to maintain. Larger facilities, such as championship 18-hole golf courses require a complete team to keep operations smooth and functional. Most players only see the front end of employees in the pro shop and catering to thirsty golfers waiting to tee on the next hole. They don’t see the support staff who start far before the first tee-off time and work hard to maintain the grounds, ponds, trees and golf course equipment.

General Golf Course Maintenance

There’s no such thing as a standard golf course. In fact, there are no two holes on any golf course that appear and play the same. Every part of the nation has unique golf facilities. They’re found everywhere from Alaska to Hawaii, and in climates from the wet Pacific Northwest to the dry Arizona desert. Perhaps the most famous American golf course is in Augusta, Ga., where the Masters Tournament is held every spring.

The Augusta Golf and Country Club is a stunningly beautiful site. It’s maintained in perfect condition by a silent and nearly invisible staff of greenskeepers and support personnel. Augusta may be the premium example of perfection, but the same general maintenance principles apply at every course.

There are two main components involved in golf course care. One part is maintaining the landscaping at a golf course. The other is servicing and maintaining the vast array of equipment it takes to keep up the landscaping itself. Turf, trees and water hazards all form an overall landscape theme. But it takes tractors, mowers and irrigation systems to keep a golf course green in pristine condition.


Environmental stewardship is forefront in every general golf course maintenance plan. Keeping a course in excellent playing condition requires a blend of minimal interference with nature and a maximum attention to minute details so the course appears as natural as possible. To most players, they never have a second thought about what it takes to maintain their playground.

They don’t realize that plants like turf grass, trees and flowers require chemical fertilizers and organic compost. The vast majority of golfers don’t consider that ponds need aerating and dredging to keep them pure. And players don’t understand that all the service equipment from movers to aerators require general maintenance like washing in contained stations so pollutants are captured, treated and recycled. This is all part of a general golf course maintenance plan.

Equipment washing stationswash water recycling systems and soil and groundwater remediation systems form part of a professional maintenance program. There are controlled areas for fueling vehicles, specialized stations for washing carts and maintenance equipment as well as contained chemical mixing, loading and storage areas. Golf course chemicals can be highly hazardous if allowed to filter into the soil or groundwater. Professional course maintainers invest heavily in specialized waste management and washing equipment like chemical containment pads. It’s all part of maintaining the green.

Maintaining the Green on the Golf Course

Just as there are many different shapes to fairways, there are many different shades of green on the course. Maintaining the green on the golf course isn’t a haphazard affair. There’s a tremendous amount of knowledge and skill involved in keeping golf courses green and lush. It involves intricate familiarity with fertilizers and maintenance techniques that go far beyond what a homeowner has to keep their lawn healthy and their shrubs showy.

Golf course greenskeepers break their grounds into distinct segments. Each grounds component that contributes to an entire playing course has its own peculiarities and unique needs. Here is a general guide of what’s involved in maintaining the green in each segment.

Tees are the starting point for every golfer. It might be a short but intimidating par three or a long and involved par five. No matter what a golfer faces, it’s critical that their tee-off surface be flat, level and weed-free. Tees take a lot of beating where divots slash the turf and errant clubs beat the ground. Maintainers constantly fix gouges and dips, using specialized sand and repurposed sod. Most courses depend on durable bentgrass or ryegrass for tees. During the spring, turfkeepers mow tees higher than in summer and fall months. This promotes early root strengthening. Shady tee areas require more attention than sunnier spots, and this can involve specialized fertilizer mixes.

Fairways tend to undulate, curve and offer obstacles intended to frustrate the most patient player. However, that’s part of the master plan. Maintaining fairways to play at “summer rules” at all times requires constant mowing, frequent fertilizing and intermittent irrigation. Again, bentgrass and ryegrass are popular fairway plants as they’re tough and easy on upkeep. Regular mowing keeps fairway grass short and allows clippings being left on the turf and recycled as top-dress compost. Chemical fertilizers are common on fairways. Knowledgeable groundskeepers apply fertilizers at daybreak to minimize player exposure.

  • Rough and Bunkers

As much as many golfers would like to see them gone, bunkers and rough are part of the game. Both obstacles are intentional and they require maintaining. Rough grass areas have minimal mowing, but they need their share of water and occasional fertilization. Rough areas around putting green perimeters see the mower about once a week. Distant roughs might be trimmed once in a month. Fairway bunkers have hard and well-drained sand. Greenside traps hold powdery sand that likes it damp. Regular maintenance raking happens at the start of each day, but regulations require each player to rake as they’re exiting the bunker.

  • Putting Greens

Greens can be the toughest maintenance segment on any golf course. Championship greens appear flawless and they don’t get that way by accident. Putting surfaces must be smooth, firm and have limited grain with uniform coverage. The best greens are well-drained but hold sufficient water to keep them fast and fun. Most course maintainers mow their putting greens daily and long before players arrive. In the spring and fall, greens get trimmed to about 0.140 inch, but summer sees them lower at around 0.100 inch. Almost all professional golf course maintainers like to hand mow their greens on slower weekdays and after heavy rains. On busy weekends, they resort to mechanical mowers to save time. Greenskeepers also keep a sharp watch on speeds through electronic Stimpmeters. They also apply growth regulators to control green speed, increase grass density and reduce excessive growth.

Every golf course requires irrigating, regardless of its location. This is a precise science that takes considerable experience to master. No plant can survive without sufficient water, but overwatering can be a serious mistake — not to mention a costly one. Fortunately, computerization now allows precise golf course watering. Flow amounts and application times are closely regulated which saves costs and allows perfect irrigation conditions.

Golf Course Chemical Use

Despite the “greenest” intentions, chemicals are inescapable for golf course maintenance. Groundskeepers routinely use chemicals for fertilizers, weed control and insect pest management. That includes both liquid and granular chemical forms.

Not all chemicals are bad, by any means. Organic fertilizers and additives are always preferred, but often they’re not practical for large applications. The right chemicals, applied by trained maintenance personnel, are safe and can actually be environmentally friendly. It’s how they’re handled that matters.


Most golf courses dedicate specialized areas to mix and store chemicals. They also have specific areas to wash and clean equipment used to apply chemicals. This is vital insurance to prevent concentrated chemicals from escaping and polluting soils and waterways. Commercially built wash stations, wash water recycling systems, and chemical mix, containment and recovery systems solve the escapement problem and ensure spills or discharges never happen.

Strict regulations set by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) control golf course chemicals. The days of 2,4-D and DDT are long gone and rightfully so. Now, chemicals are scientifically advanced and safe to apply as long as it’s done by skilled hands. Chemical applicators must be trained and certified to work at all American golf courses.

Many course maintainers prefer using organic materials whenever possible. That’s especially so where applications are near ponds or water hazards. Watercourses and ponds are sensitive areas on every course and they deserve special maintenance attention.

Golf Course Pond Maintenance

Golfers differ in their opinions about water hazards. Some shiver at the thought of teeing off towards water but others love the sight and sounds of clear-flowing ponds and streams. The trick for a golf course maintainer is to keep ponds clean and attractive. There’s as much to know about pond maintenance as there is to keeping turf managed.

Good golf course pond maintenance relies on two things — aeration and dredging. Combined, both pond maintenance techniques ensure these water traps are clear. Besides being beautiful, clean water makes finding errant balls easier.

Aeration happens two ways. The first is surface aeration where floating aeration devices cause wave action. That’s much like ripples on a lake. The other is subsurface aeration where compressed air delivers oxygen to the pond bottom causing bubbles to rise and aerate the water.

Dredging removes sludge from the pond. Sludge builds up from eroded sediment and decomposing organics like pond plants. Pond dredges are machines that suck up sludge from the bottom through vacuum hoses and expel it into bladder bags containing tiny holes. This traps the sludge for disposal while water escapes for recycling.

Tree Care and Landscaping

Some golf courses employ professional arborists or at least contract them for proper tree care. Other course managers have general landscaping experts who know the ins and outs of all plant species. That includes the large and permanent specimen trees as well as seasonal plantings.

Most large trees need minimal maintenance. Groundskeepers keep an eye on their overall health and watch for signs of damage or disease. Often, big trees need no more than occasional pruning and seasonal mulching. It’s the smaller plants like shrubs, bushes and accent specimens that need constant care.

Insects are the biggest threat to golf course trees and landscape plantings. Watchful maintainers address invasive pests immediately even if it means attacking them with chemical solutions. Pest control is mandatory to protect irreplaceable plants, and all equipment used for chemicals needs proper maintenance, cleaning and storage. That’s part of the regular tasks involved in maintaining a golf course.

Golf Course Maintenance Equipment


Golf courses require an expensive inventory of maintenance tools and equipment. They also need skilled maintenance workers who know how to operate and take care of these pricey investments. These are the general categories of equipment found at all golf courses:

  • Mowing EquipmentMost golfers likely think that mowers are the only piece of equipment found at a golf course. In fact, mowers and golfers are often at odds with the course right-of-way. Not all mowers are created equal as they range from ride-on, multi-headed machines down to simple hand-pushed reel cutters.
  • Cultivation Equipment: Every golf course keeps an assortment of cultivation equipment. Most common are aerators that roll the ground and punch holes or lift soil plugs. This vital operation allows air down to plant roots and lets water deliver fertilizer. However, there are other cultivators at a course such as sod cutters, dethatchers and power rakes.
  • Top-Dressing Equipment: Top-dressing is an indispensable component in maintaining a golf course. Sand applicators are common and serve to spread regulated amounts of surface dressing to fill voids and help water seepage across greens, fairways and tees. Blowers and vacuums are also common top-dressing machines.
  • Washing, Water Recycling and Chemical Handling Equipment: Although golfers occasionally see mowers, cultivators and top-dressing equipment at work, they rarely if never view the important jobs that washing, water recycling and chemical handling equipment perform. That’s because this valuable equipment is out of sight at the course’s private maintenance facility. It’s fair to say that no professional golf course should operate without them.

Contact ESD Waste2Water for Golf Course Maintenance Equipment

ESD Waste2Water is an industry leader for manufacturing, supplying and installing equipment washing stations, water recycling systems, and chemical mixing, loading and storage solutions. We also specialize in environmental remediation equipment. Some of our worldwide wastewater management clients are professional golf course maintainers.

Prime services at ESD Waste2Water include product design expertise, manufacturing entire systems, installing them and training end-user staff on safe and effective operation. We also provide custom manufacturing of water treatment and bioremediation systems. It’s part of our dedicated commitment to our customers and to the environment.

For more information about ESD Waste2Water products and services for golf courses, call1-800-277-3279 or contact us today.


Pollution is a large problem in our world. But in a sense, it’s a beautiful one — it is one of the few broad-scope problems that we can all agree on.

While subjects like climate change and nature preservation have taken a regrettable turn into the realm of bipartisan politics, pollution is a phenomenon that is universally observable. It is nearly immune to denialism. It is bursting at the seams with robust data to support its claims. And unlike most problems, almost any one of us could point to visible evidence of it, if asked.

Solving the pollution problem is as pressing as any issue we face. Its solution must inevitably come via many avenues: governmental policy, regulations on industry and better resources for citizens worldwide.

However, the crux of the solution lies with us. Each and every one of us has the power to act on pollution in our day-to-day lives. We have the power to educate ourselves and others, to demonstrate sustainable methods and eco-friendly practices and to take hold of our future. This is an article about small ways to make a big impact on your local environment. With any luck — and a little conversation — those around you can start to do the same.

Use Environmentally Friendly and Safe Products

We live in a time when choosing environmentally friendly products is easier than ever. This is due in part to technological advances, but most notably to market demand for such products. These products come in the form of sustainable, eco-friendly manufacturing and packaging — and companies usually take care to make it clear when their products fit these descriptions.

In economics, there is a concept called the “dollar vote,” which equates purchasing a product with casting a vote of confidence for it. This relates to environmentalism in a big way. Anyone who wants to do their part in benefitting public health can always start by adjusting their own consumption, thereby “casting their dollar votes” for responsible products.

Biodegradable, organic and sustainable products are available to us in nearly every supermarket. Making a commitment to seek them out goes a long way in helping protect the planet.

Recycle Used Motor Oils and Filters

If you are the do-it-yourself type when it comes to cars, then you are already familiar with the variety of fluids that need replacing. Motor oil is one of the most common sources of pollution from car maintenance. Here are some tips to avoid letting it contaminate your home and neighborhood:

  • Use a drip pan to collect the drained oil from your engine.
  • Keep a large, sealable container nearby to store your used motor oil.
  • When the container needs emptying, take it to the nearest center that will recycle it. The same goes for car batteries, oil filters and other waste fluids.
  • If a spill does occur, have a bag of kitty litter on hand to sprinkle on top and absorb it.

These precautions are both low-cost and beneficial to you. Used motor oil and hazardous materials get washed into rivers and affect ecosystems and users far beyond your immediate surroundings.

Use a Smokeless Fuel in Your Home and Business

In colder climates, heating our homes and businesses requires a significant amount of energy. Choosing a clean-burning fuel to do so helps improve the quality of our air and reduce pollutants, acid rain and greenhouse gas emissions.

Fitting your house or business to run on cleaner fuels — like natural gas and propane — makes a big difference. A recent study found that the pollution from heating our homes may cause as many as 10,000 deaths per year. Switching to a clean-burning fuel improves our collective quality of life and our health.


Wash Your Vehicle at Car Washes Instead of in Your Yard

When you wash your vehicle at home, all of the runoff — road salt, soap, wax, chemicals and more — gets hosed off your car and into your surroundings. It is then at the mercy of rain, gutters and storm drain systems, all of which ferry it into creeks and oceans. So, while it’s good to take care of your car, doing so at home is detrimental to the environment.

Taking your car to a car wash is a better choice. Proper car washes use closed-loop systems that recycle water. ESD Waste2Water offers such a technology — the Closed Loop Wash Rack — that reuses water, cleans it and complies with regulations set forth by the EPA. This system prevents all the runoff from leaching into the surrounding environment.

Some readers may prefer hand-washing their cars. In this case, there are plenty of car washes that allow you to do so, with convenient spots for hand-drying and waxing afterward.

Drive Environmentally Friendly Vehicles

It used to be that environmentally friendly vehicles were a luxury item. Nowadays, they are extremely prevalent thanks to market demand and can be purchased in a wide range of budgets.

If you are looking for a commuter vehicle and do not need off-road or more rugged capabilities, consider a high fuel-efficiency or hybrid car. These sleek, sporty vehicles will reduce your gas expenditure to a paltry fraction of what it once was while also providing you with a safe, comfortable means of transport.

Full electric vehicles are another enticing option. Each passing day brings lower prices, increased range and a list of features that reads like a commercial for a traditional luxury sedan. Modern electric cars can travel upwards of 300 miles on a charge, have the fastest acceleration of any car on the market and are almost maintenance-free.

Use Water-Based Paints

Doing home improvement projects leads to a lot of wet paintbrushes, which we rinse down the sink while quietly wondering what will come of the paint.

The answer depends on what type of paint you’re using. There are two main categories of paint: oil-based and water-based, the latter of which is referred to as “latex” paint because it contains rubber. Latex paints break down quickly, so rinsing your brushes with soap and water makes it safe for septic and wastewater treatment systems. Oil-based paints require a special solvent in order to break down.

No matter what type of paint you have, do not pour it down the drain. If you need to dispose of a mostly-full paint can, take it to a disposal center or give it to someone else who can use it. If you need to dispose of a mostly-empty can, pour some kitty litter in to absorb the paint.

Report Illegal Dumping

Illegal dumping can lead to health hazards for humans and wildlife alike. Whether it be paints, chemicals, garbage, sewage or other waste, the best way to prevent it from happening again is to report it to the authorities.

When someone dumps illegally and is held accountable for it, it sends a discouraging message to others considering doing the same. Most local governments treat the act as a crime and will investigate accordingly.


Recycle Household Goods for New Uses

Here’s where things really get fun. Try some creative ideas for recycling household goods:

  • Plastic bottles into bird feeders: Turn old plastic bottles and ladles into a bird feeder by spearing the bottle completely through with old wooden ladles. These serve as perches for birds. then fill the bottle with birdseed and cut a hole for the seed to tumble onto the ladles.
  • Clothespins into hooks: You can paint clothes pins chic colors and screw them to the wall to serve as holders for dish rags, cloths, etc.
  • Plastic jug into a watering can: Take a large plastic jug of milk or other liquid and punch holes in its lid. Fill it up and you’ve got a watering can for your plants.
  • Milk jug into a shovel: A plastic gallon jug of milk can turn into a gardening shovel with just a set of scissors. Cut at the top of the handle, then cut the shape of the blade below the bottom portion of the handle.
  • Turn practically anything into planters: Teacups, styrofoam egg cartons — you name it. If it’s concave and is meant to hold something, it can probably become a planter.

Clean Up After Your Pets

There’s more to this than just being considerate to the next person who goes jogging along the path. Your pet’s waste can carry dangerous bacteria and transmittable diseases into the surrounding water system. These diseases can affect wildlife and people alike.

Whenever you take your pet outside, be sure to carry bags or a pooper scooper along with you. Dispose of the waste by placing it in the trash, where it can go to a landfill.

Dispose of Trash Properly

It’s tempting to throw all of your trash into one can, but it’s important to properly dispose of household hazardous materials. If you are disposing of old televisions, computers, batteries or similar items, make sure to take them to the proper facility.

Similarly, make sure your regular trash stays contained. Keep trash cans covered so as not to be affected by the elements. Things like fertilizers and pesticides are problematic due to their being washed off by rain and carried downstream. Dispose of them and other trash in sealable bins.

Compost Yard Trimmings

Many cities and counties offer compost collection services. But for those who don’t live in such areas, it’s not difficult to create your own composting bin. Simply take a plastic tub and drill holes in the bottom, then fill it with several inches of shredded newspaper and soil.

You can toss in food scraps, banana peels, grass clipping, hair, manure and lots of other organic material. You’ll need to give it a stir every couple of months, but this matter will naturally break down and produce a nutrient-rich fertilizer you can use around your yard.

Don’t Litter

Not littering is a virtue that’s so ingrained in many of us that it elicits a physical response when we see it done. It’s hard to see another person throw trash out their window. Littering is a problem solved with simple solutions:

  • Keep a trash bag in your car.
  • If you’re bringing food somewhere, take a bag to bring your trash back in.
  • Report littering when you see it.
  • Try to buy items that come with biodegradable or recyclable packaging.

Taking part in a little pickup day, solo or with a group, is also a great way to give back to the community while spreading the message that littering is not acceptable.

Ride Your Bike or Walk to Work

Switching from a driving commute to a walking or biking commute is a decision with a lot of advantages:

  • It does not pollute.
  • It is healthy and the exercise makes it easier to concentrate during the workday.
  • It connects you more with your body and the world around you. Driving a car each day can feel sterile and isolating.
  • It’s free.
  • In many areas with heavy traffic, biking to work can take less time than driving.

If the forecast calls for rain, you can buy waterproof riding gear or simply make a commitment to bike to work whenever the weather permits. Every little bit counts!

Reduce Errands for Fewer Trips

This is a lifestyle shift that is all benefits and no drawbacks. Simplifying your shopping and errand-running trips saves you time, money and mental real estate. Here are some tips for doing this:

  1. Make a list of things that need to be done or items that need to be purchased for the week.
  2. If you need to make appointments, try to make them one after the other.
  3. Plan a day when you can accomplish most or all of them in a single trip.
  4. Plot out a route that allows you to efficiently move from one place to another without backtracking.

Do Laundry and Dishes Only With Full Loads

Waiting until you have a full load of dishes to run your washing machine ensures you don’t waste a lot of water with each load. Washing machines are made to be efficient, but only when they are used at their proper capacities.

If you do dishes in the sink, doing a large load at once allows you to recycle dishwater and not send an excessive amount of soap and water down the drain. Keep a large drying rack near the sink so you can churn out larger loads at once. Having a pair of rubber gloves and a dishwashing wand also help make it a more pleasant experience.


Use Environmentally Friendly Cleaners

A lot of research has been done to study the influence of cleaning agents on the environment. Soaps and other cleaners have deleterious effects when they reach the natural world. Luckily, lots of companies have spent time innovating biodegradable, environmentally friendly cleaners that work wonderfully.

Today, there is no trade-off between the environmental impact and effectiveness of a cleaner. Many environmentally friendly options exist for dish soap, laundry detergent, multi-surface cleaners and more.

ESD Waste2Water Is Doing Our Part to Help With Pollution

ESD Waste2Water is committed to creating a cleaner, more responsible future with elegant and effective solutions. With ingenuity and care for the planet, we are continuously innovating new ways to keep nature pristine.

Our groundwater and soil remediation systems offer turnkey solutions for contamination from mining operations, farms, chemical usage, wash racks, construction projects and disposal of garbage. This includes systems to perform soil vapor extraction, oil/water separation and more.

Our chemical containment pads allow operators to mix large batches of chemicals without spillage in a wide array of locations and environments. Any spills will automatically flow into the pad’s reservoir, eliminating harmful effects on the surroundings.

Our wash racks allow you to clean equipment without wasting water and creating harmful runoff. This protects your property while also allowing a mobile solution that is EPA-compliant.

Start taking the future into your hands by capitalizing on technology and innovation. Visit our website to study our selection of products or contact us with inquiries.


ESD Waste2Water will be exhibiting at the URG training conference from April 5-7, 2018. Stop by booth #25 to visit us! The URG training conference is at the Hyatt Regency Grand Cypress Resort in Orlando, Florida.


To learn more about the conference, watch the video below!

Chemical Storage Buildings

Golf courses require a great many chemicals for proper turf care and course maintenance, and some of these chemicals could present a danger to the environment. Regulatory agencies are taking a much closer look at golf course pesticide storage and other golf course chemical unit storage, and it’s important that your golf course be in compliance, both for the safety of your customers and the environment and to make sure your golf course can stay open and keep running normally.

To help you in this endeavor, ESD Waste2Water has assembled a list of items to check off to make sure your golf course chemical storage is up to proper standards.

1. Are your ventilation, heating and lighting systems inspected regularly?

Good ventilation is critical anywhere you are storing dangerous chemicals, as poor ventilation can not only make the storage environment toxic to anyone who enters, but a build-up of chemical gasses could also tremendously damage the environment once released.

2. Do you regularly inspect chemical containers for damage?

A leak or other problem with the integrity of your chemical containers can quickly lead to a big problem. You should have regularly scheduled inspections in place for your storage containers.

3. Do you have a current inventory of any chemical products and amounts that you have in storage?

Make sure you have a dedicated employee whose job it is to keep an up-to-date inventory of all pesticides and other potentially dangerous chemicals that you have in storage at your golf course. It’s also important to make sure all chemical containers are properly labeled and similar pesticides are grouped together to reduce the possibility of errors.

Golf Course Pesticide Storage Tips

Some good safety rules to follow when storing pesticides include:

  • Keep products off the floor, with dry chemicals above liquid ones
  • Discard all empty containers safely and promptly
  • Make sure your spill containment kit is up to date

In addition, check with your local regulatory agency for any chemical storage requirements specific to your area, and always follow manufacturer instructions when it comes to handling any pesticides or other potentially dangerous chemicals.

ESD Waste2Water for Golf Course and Turf Care

If you need help with safer golf course care when it comes to washing and fueling equipment that may require the use of potentially hazardous chemicals, contact ESD Waste2Water. We have a variety of safer golf course care solutions, including closed-loop wash racks and chemical storage areas. To find out more about how ESD Waste2Water can provide you with a safer way to manage your golf course equipment chemicals, contact us today.

golf course system


ESD Waste2Water, Inc. is excited to be shipping another Environmental Center for the Golf Industry that includes:

These items assist in making the new Golf Maintenance Facility compliant and achieving Best Management Practices by treating the Wash Water and having spill containment in the Chemical Mix/Load Area.

Contact ESD Waste2Water, Inc today so we can help design an Environmental Center to meet your needs




ESD Waste2Water will be attending the 2019 Golf Industry Show on February 6-7 in San Diego, CA. Join us at Booth #: 5345 to discuss at Wash Water and Chemical Storage needs.  See the ESD Waste2Water, Inc. equipment at “Inside the Shop” Booth #: 5929. Stop by to ask our team about Best Management Practices for:

  • Wash Water Recycle Systems for Golf Courses – Our wash water recovery solutions are used by golf courses around the world. Golf courses use them to wash golf carts, mowers, utility vehicles and other maintenance equipment. By recycling the water used in their wash operations, golf courses and turf care operations protect their property from wash water contamination and conserve up to 1,000,000 gallons of water a year.
  • Golf Chemical Storage Buildings – ESD’s chemical storage units are the ideal solution for golf course chemical storage.
  • Chemical Mix/Load Containment Solutions– Our mixing stations are designed to capture and recover any spilled chemicals during the mixing or loading process. The chemicals can then be saved and used, or properly disposed of.

ESD Waste2Water’s products are used by golf courses across the globe. Learn more about our revolutionary line here!

Carolinas Golf Course Superintendent Association

ESD Waste2Water will be attending the 2017 Carolinas GCSA Conference & Show on November 13-15 at the Myrtle Beach Convention Center, Myrtle Beach, SC.  Come visit John and Alan at Booth 1917.  Ask them about our:

  • Wash Water Recycle Systems for Golf Courses – Our wash water recovery solutions are used by golf courses around the world.  Golf courses use them to wash golf carts, mowers, and other equipment they have.  By recycling the water used in their wash operations, golf courses and lower their expenses from washing equipment.
  • Golf Chemical Storage Buildings – ESD’s chemical storage units are the ideal solution for golf course chemical storage.
  • Chemical Mix/Load Containment Solutions – Our mixing stations are designed to capture any spilled chemicals during the mixing or loading process.  The chemicals can then be saved or properly disposed of.

ESD Waste2Water’s products are used by golf courses across the globe.  Learn more about our revolutionary line here!


Jump to:
Benefits of Equipment Cleaning | Products Needed | Pressure Washing | Wash Stations | Detergents | Process | Equipment Needed

Cleaning heavy equipment is necessary for all construction equipment. Clean equipment lasts longer and pressure washing protects your investment by removing mud, grease and grime from heavy equipment faster than other cleaning methods. Cleaning heavy equipment is an underappreciated chore. It’s messy and often delegated to a low-paid laborer on construction crews who see the job as just hosing down dirty machinery to remove most of the grease and grime. Well, there’s far more to effectively and efficiently cleaning construction equipment and machinery than meets the eye.

Heavy equipment washing requires its own specialized equipment like water cannons or pressure washers. It also involves specific techniques that make the best use of cleaning time and materials. And then there’s the safety factor to consider. Heavy construction equipment like excavators, loaders and gravel trucks are large, complicated machines presenting hazards to operators and those tasked to clean them on a regular basis.

There are many reasons to wash heavy equipment. Successful construction companies, equipment rental yards and heavy equipment dealerships realize great benefits from keeping their expensive machinery clean and in top-notch condition. Equipment efficiency and long service life are critical to making sure machines are always operating when needed. A non-working machine is a non-paying machine. Unscheduled downtime is simply unaffordable in tight, competitive markets.

Construction Cleaning Benefits

It’s easy to say a clean machine is a better machine. But do we really know why this is? All competent construction equipment owners and operators inherently know that keeping their heavy machinery clean is the professional thing to do. It’s part of their overall routine and preventive maintenance program.

Some construction business managers are fastidious about keeping their fleet clean and shiny. This is obvious when visiting their sites and shops. Smart heavy construction leaders realize many benefits from regularly washing their equipment. Here are the most important ones:

  • Regular cleaning is part of preventive maintenance. When construction equipment is regularly cleaned, there’s far less strain put on fixed and moving parts. Dirt and grime act as abrasives as well as a friction agents. Dirty machines wear much faster than equipment that’s regularly washed. It’s also much easier to clean machines that are regularly washed.
  • Clean machines keep cooler than mud-caked and grease-soaked equipment. Although regulated heat is a necessary operating condition with heavy machinery, excessive heat is a killer. Overheated equipment has a shorter life cycle. In fact, hot machines can quit in mid-operation. This has a domino effect on other machines and workers in the production chain.
  • Downtime is reduced by keeping construction equipment clean. Breakages caused by part failure due to dirty conditions are expensive in lost time and repairs. They’re also unnecessary. Regular cleaning removes foreign matter like rocks and branches in tracks. It reduces weight added to booms and buckets that have heavy, dried sludge solidly adhered to their surface.
  • Cleaning machines gives a great opportunity to inspect for potential problems. Metal fatigue cracks are exposed. So is oxidization or rusting. Worn or leaking fittings are obvious when machinery is clean. This allows mechanics to get on top of developing problems before they become serious issues.
  • Regularly cleaned construction machinery enhances safety. Poorly-kept equipment is dangerous to the operator, work crew and others in the machine’s line of fire. Contaminant buildup around hydraulic and electrical systems can result in a serious blow-out of high-pressure oil or dangerous voltage.
  • Mechanics are much more efficient when they work on clean machines. Cleaning dislodges foreign debris that’s heavy, volatile or slippery. Effective washing removes objects and buildups that can cause injury from slips and falls or being pinched in points that trap kinetic energy. Ergonomic accidents are greatly reduced when surfaces are clean and safe.
  • Ownership pride is greatly affected when a company’s fleet is kept clean and orderly. That goes for the business owner, supervisors, machine operators and service people. Operators take more care when running clean and well-looked after equipment. So does the maintenance department.
  • Finally, clean equipment makes a loud and positive statement. It’s clearly heard by clients, investors and future customers.

Products Needed to Wash Heavy Equipment Effectively

Properly washing heavy equipment is a big job. It requires technical knowledge of effectively getting rid of dirt and grease buildup. There are tricks to the trade that turn a large undertaking into a step-by-step procedure making the best use of time and ensuring the process is efficient. The end goal is having a clean machine and a washing technician who stays safe. To do that, you need to use specialized products.

Some of these equipment cleaning products are expensive and complicated. Others are cheap and easy to use. But all have their purpose in ensuring a proper job that’s finished efficiently and safely. Here are the main products professional machinery cleaners employ:

  1. Personal Protection Equipment

Personal protection equipment is the first product to consider when starting a machinery washing job. Safety is paramount at every construction company. That includes being on an actual construction site or back at the shop and yard. Personal safety must be taken seriously. Construction machinery and designated cleaning equipment are hazardous. A solid defense line is personally protecting workers with:

  • Full-length coveralls that protect the entire torso, arms and legs. Today, practically all construction workers wear hi-visibility outerwear and often that’s disposable or reusable coveralls. Specialized rainwear is suitable for machinery This can be overalls or two-piece jackets and pants. Insulated protection is important if using hot water washing.
  • Protective footwear is vital. No matter what, the worker is going to get wet while washing machinery. Heavy equipment wash pads, also known as heavy equipment wash racks, are slippery places. The best footwear is commercial rubber boots with anti-skid soles and toe protection. Upper closure is also important. This prevents hot water from filling up boots.
  • Face and eye protection are Splashes from dirt and grease dislodged under high pressure can be extremely dangerous. Eye contamination is a high risk as is skin burns and punctures. Chemical burns are also possible depending on what degreasing agent is used. At minimum, wrap-around eyewear must be used. Full face shields are better yet.
  • Gloves are mandatory. Washing construction equipment is a hands-on task. Workers need to hand-remove chunks of clay and all sizes of stones. Grease globs need prying off and sharp edges on machine parts can give vicious cuts. Some workers wear leather gloves when washing but most find rubber or latex protects hands best.
  1. Pressure Washing Equipment

Pressure washers are mandatory products used in cleaning construction equipment. There is no better way to remove dirt, grease and grime that hitting it with high-pressure water. The force of concentrated water streams also gets into tight places like hinges and seams that are impossible to reach with hand brushing.

There are many criteria involved in high-pressure washing equipment. First, there are two terms to know — pressure washer and water cannon. Both effectively do the same thing but at a different scale. Here’s the difference:

  • Pressure washers are small-scale devices having a limited amount of water flow. They have high pressures of between 2,500 and 3,000 pounds per square inch (psi) but their capacity is limited to about 5-10 gallons per minute (gpm). Pressure washers are equipped with small diameter hoses, usually ½ inch.
  • Water cannons are much larger. They have lower pressure rates but water cannons flow at 20-150 gpm or more. That’s 4-15 times the rate of a small scale pressure washer. Water cannons use fire-type hoses with 1 to 1-½ inch diameters and have adjustable nozzles.

Water cannons are typically found on commercial equipment washing stations that have dedicated closed-loop wash racks. They expel large volumes of water that’s captured, cleaned and recycled. Both types of high-pressure washers are capable of using hot and cold water. Often, pressure washers and cannons are used in tandem with cannons doing the big removal and overall final rinse. Pressure washers do the fine detailing.

  1. Heavy Equipment Wash Pads and Racks

There’s no substitute for using a professionally designed and built wash pad, also known as a wash rack. Many jurisdictions regulate wash locations to ensure they comply with environmental compliance. Laws prohibit contaminated construction equipment washings from entering open surface and groundwater reservoirs. Non-compliance with laws can result in heavy fines and personal jail time, not to mention being environmentally irresponsible.  In addition, containing contaminated wash water can also protect the property owner or renter from a very expensive soil and groundwater cleanup.

Properly constructed wash pads and racks are built with water containment and recycling systems. To start with, the pad should be self-contained and enclosed to prevent wash water and all its pollutants from escaping into the outer environment. Dirt, grease and other contaminants are knocked free and collect inside sumps. Excess water is captured and recycled in a contained system, filtering it back to workable gray-water where it’s continually reused. This is called a closed loop wash operation or wash rack.

Check Out ESD Waste2Water’s Washing System:

Wash racks and pads can be built and are available in many sizes depending on the company’s needs. Water storage tanks vary depending on how frequent a wash pad is used and how large of equipment is serviced. Hot and cold temperatures for the washing equipment are usually available and pressure rates are controllable. As well, some wash racks are fixed and stationary where others are mobile. They can be transported from site to site.

Solid waste management is an important wash pad function. Like water, solid wastes need proper containing and disposal. While water is recycled in a closed loop system, solid waste is collected, dried and removed to a safe disposal site. Some wash racks are designed with above ground solid management systems (SMS) where others depend on underground sumps and mud-drying pads.

  1. Cleaning Detergents, Surfactants and Water Temperature

Water alone is often not sufficient to dislodge grease and dirt. Every equipment wash system employs some sort of degreasing solution. This depends greatly on the type of equipment being cleaned and what site conditions it was operated in.

The most common contaminants are organic and inorganic compounds. Organics include hydrocarbons like lubrication grease and fuel residue. They also include vegetation contamination from brush clearing and even insect and bird waste. Inorganics generally refer to mineral compounds like sand, gravel and dust.

There’s another category — a mixture of organic and inorganic compounds. The most common mixture is soil, which occurs virtually everywhere. Soil is made of decomposing organics and static inorganic compounds. Often, the soil itself is polluted. Soil can also be one of the hardest materials to clean. That’s due to how contaminants bond to surface of machinery. This is where detergents come in.

Many people call detergents soap. While that’s technically correct, soap really refers to cleaning products made from natural materials like lye and animal fat. The truth is, most cleaning agents today are synthetic products carefully designed with specific chemical properties.

Heavy equipment washing detergents act as surfactants or surface active agents. When dissolved in water or other solvents, surfactants work at the boundary between the liquid and solid to change the interface properties. Water mixed with detergent breaks the bond between dirt and host objects. But water, on its own, has limited effect.

Chemically speaking, synthetic detergent surfactants work at the molecular level and form a long chain that attaches one end to a hydrophobe like dirt or grease. The other end is attracted to water or the hydrophile solvent. This causes the surfactant to surround the contaminant and dislodge it from its bonded surface, like dirt coming off machinery parts.

Chelating agents are often added to equipment washing detergent. These also work at the molecular level but they attack minerals in the water to soften them and stop hard water from blocking surfactant efficiency. Other additives in detergents like color, foaming agents and perfume don’t help cleaning power. They just make the product look and smell more attractive.

Wash water temperature is also misunderstood. Cold water washing is highly effective when used with the right surfactant. Hot water warms the machinery surface making large chunks of debris break off easier but temperature is not particularly sensitive at the molecular level where the real cleaning action is.

Cleaning Construction Equipment Quickly and Easily

There is a distinct process for making equipment cleaning quick and easy. There are priority steps that speed things up and prevent doing the same task twice. Every equipment cleaner has their individual quirks and peculiarities but, essentially, the proper washing procedure goes this way:

  • All washing products are assembled and the machinery is placed in a contained wash rack with a closed loop system. All necessary PPE is worn.
  • Large dry chunks of material like clay and rocks are manually pried loose from the undercarriage and chassis with a steel bar and spade. This is a much safer than immediately attacking the machine with high-pressure
  • Debris chunks are collected and disposed of. This prevents a tripping hazard while navigating around the machine. It also stops dried debris from being liquefied making it more difficult to handle.
  • The entire machine is sprayed with a water cannon removing large debris pieces that couldn’t be dislodged by hand. Warm or hot water from a hot water pressure washer is often used in this early stage which is prior to adding detergent.
  • Grease accumulations are hand-removed by pulling chunks off or wiping them with clothes. By now grease will have softened by water force and temperature.
  • Detergent is applied sparingly, with special attention to visible contamination. This includes engine compartments and especially radiators.
  • Cleaning solvents are allowed to sit for 15 minutes to ½ hour. This gives time for surfactant molecular action to chemically dislodge all bonding.
  • Water cannon force starts again. It begins at the top of the machine and orderly flows toward the ground, letting gravity pull contaminants and wastewater to the wash pad floor.
  • Detailing of tight places, seams and joints follow overall cannon rinsing. Here smaller pressure washers might be used as well as hand scrubbing for detailing the equipment.
  • Rubber tires and hoses are cleaned with a suitable surfactant. Glass surfaces are cleaned and polished.
  • Cab interiors are vacuumed and hand wiped. High-pressure washing should never be used inside cabs or around controls.
  • Once the machine is generally cleaned, it’s allowed to air dry. Sometimes, compressed air is used to hasten the process.
  • The machine is then removed from the wash rack and sent to its next operation. That might be maintenance, repair or put back into stock for sale or rent.
  • All parts of the wash pad are inspected. Mud is cleaned off of the wash pad surface, solid waste is disposed of and gray water levels are topped. Finally, a perimeter check ensures that no contaminants escape.

ESD Waste2Water Specializes in Heavy Equipment Washing

ESD Waste2Water is a world leader in designing and manufacturing heavy equipment washing systems. We’re located in Central Florida and supply top quality closed loop washing systems to many countries. We also specialize in solid management systems and incorporate the two, making the most efficient and effective construction equipment washing process possible.

ESD Waste2Water provides installation, service, and training with all our products. We supply cleaning and waste water control systems that are unsurpassed. Our high-technology lines include everything you need to effectively and efficiently wash heavy equipment.

Make sure to contact us today to learn more about our manufactured products or to start a custom designed solution for washing your construction equipment.

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Jump to:
What is Bioremediation | How Bioremediation Works | Bioremediation Classes | Strategies of Bioremediation | Who Uses Bioremediation | Benefits of Bioremediation | Equipment for Bioremediation

Human activities produce a tremendous variety of byproducts. Agriculture, mining, manufacturing and other industrial processes leave organic and inorganic residual compounds behind. Some are inert and harmless, but many are toxic and highly destructive to the environment, particularly the soil and groundwater. Fortunately, our planet has built-in environmental remediation systems. Unfortunately, natural groundwater and soil remediation take a long time.

Bioremediation technology is invaluable for reclaiming polluted soil and water. In the simplest terms, bioremediation is a waste management process using live organisms to neutralize or remove harmful pollutants from contaminated areas.

Bioremediation is an environmental science that amplifies natural biological actions to remedy or remediate polluted groundwater and contaminated soil. Rather than using expensive environmental remediation equipment to remove untreated toxic materials and dispose of them elsewhere, bioremediation techniques use biological microbes to do the cleanup work.

Microbes are tiny organisms naturally found in the environment. These bacterial microorganisms are nature’s helpers in decomposing, recycling and rectifying imbalanced chemical conditions in soil and water. For countless years, nature has been correcting itself, while humans continue to display a profound ability to make a mess and ignore their damage. But now, science has found an effective way to remediate bad soil and groundwater conditions by applying natural organic substances and using their inherent properties.

According to the Environmental Protection Agency, bioremediation is a water and soil treatment technique using naturally occurring organisms to attack hazardous materials and change them into less toxic substances. Often, highly contaminated sites can become toxin-free using proper bioremediation steps and specialized equipment.


The Biological Remediation Process- How Bioremediation Works

The bioremediation process is a biological process that stimulates helpful microbes to use harmful contaminants as their source of food and energy. Certain microorganisms eat toxic chemicals and pathogens, digesting them and eliminating through changing their composition into harmless gases like ethane and carbon dioxide. Some contaminated soil and water conditions already have the right counter-microbes. Here, human intervention can speed up the natural remediation by boosting microbial action.


In other cases where the right microbes are low in numbers or entirely absent, bioremediation is introduced by adding amendments — microbial actors like fungi and aerobic bacteria that are mixed into the soil or water. This simple process is called bioaugmentation, and it’s highly effective to correct conditions quickly, as long as the right environmental conditions are present. Critical conditions for bioremediation include:

  • Host microbial contaminants that provide fuel and energy to parasitical microbes
  • Parasitical microbes that feed off their harmful hosts and destroy them
  • Oxygen in sufficient amounts to support aerobic biodegradation
  • Water, either in liquid form or in soil moisture content
  • Carbon is the foundation of microbial life and its energy source
  • Temperature, not too cold or hot for microbial life to flourish
  • Nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and sulfur to support microbe growth
  • Acid and alkaline proportions or pH ratio in the range of 6.5 to 7.5

When all these conditions are in the right proportions, microbes grow at enormous rates. If the optimum conditions are off-balance, microbial action is too slow or can die off altogether, and the contaminants remain until nature eventually restores a balance. Re-balancing can take a long time in highly polluted conditions. But proper bioremediation processes rectify most situations in relatively short time. That can be anywhere from a few years to several decades.

Oxygen has a strong effect on bioremediation. Some microbes thrive on air, while others are hindered when exposed to excessive oxygen. This effect depends entirely on what particular toxin is being remediated and what type of microbe is being encouraged. There are two groups or processes of oxygen levels in soil and water:

  • Aerobic is the presence of oxygen needed for microbial development. In contaminated soil conditions, regularly tilling the soil is one aerobic enhancement method. This technique is also a main activity in composting to oxygenate helpful fungi. Aerobic action is also introduced mechanically through passive bioventing or by forcing compressed air into soil or under the water table with biosparging.
  • Anaerobic is the absence or reduction of oxygen in water or soil. This bioremediation form is uncommon, except in heavy metal conditions such as mitigating sites polluted by polychlorinated biphenyls or trichloroethylene. Anaerobic remediation is a specialized form requiring advanced techniques and precise monitoring.


Bioremediation Classes

There are two main classifications of bioremediation. This refers to where remediation is carried out, not the actual bioremediation technique classes. Bioremediation is done either:

  • In situ, where all bioremediation work is done right at the contamination site. This can be polluted soil that’s treated without unnecessary and expensive removal, or it can be contaminated groundwater that’s remediated at its point of origin. In situ is the preferred bioremediation method, as it requires far less physical work and eliminates spreading contaminants through trucking or pumping away to other treatment locations. Bioventing, biosparging and bioaugmentation are the main technique classes.
  • Ex situ means removing contaminated material to a remote treatment location. This classification is less desirable. It involves the big job of excavating polluted soil and trucking it offsite. In the case of contaminated water, ex situ is rare, except for pumping groundwater to the surface and biologically treating it in an enclosed reservoir. Ex situ bioremediation poses a hazard to spreading contamination or risking an accidental spill during transport. Once at an ex situ treatment site, three technique classes can be applied. One is landfarming, where soil is spread and biologically decontaminated. Another is composting, which is an age-old process. The third class involves biopiles: a hybrid of stacking material in silos, then composting as a biological treatment.

Bioremediation technique classes are the prescribed physical activities or strategies used in microbial remedies. The overall process starts with isolating contaminated site conditions and characterizing what resident microbes exist. Scientists watch how these microbes already interact with the pollutants, then conduct lab testing to map out colonization requirements. Catabolic activity is studied in the lab, from which a field plan is developed. Once that’s implemented, the bioremediation process is monitored, and adjustments are made as necessary.



Bioremediation Strategies

Bioremediation strategies plan how the field work is done. There are different technique applications that depend on the site’s saturation degree and what contaminants need removal. They also depend on site conditions such as soil composition, compaction and groundwater tables, as well as runoff characteristics and whether in situ work is possible, or if the contaminated material requires ex situ removal.

Thanks to today’s advanced technology, most polluted properties can be treated onsite. There are three main bioremediation strategies, each with individually designed equipment. The three applications are:

  • Bioventing is the most common approach. This process involves drilling small-diameter wells into the soil that allows air ingress and passive ventilation where ground gases produced by microbial action are released. This approach can be used for both soil and groundwater problems, as it lets oxygen and nutrient rates be controlled by adjusting the vent rate.
  • Biosparging involves high-pressure air injection forced into the soil or under the groundwater table. This process increases oxygen concentration and enhances biological Air sparging is highly effective and affordable, compared to excavating and tilling contaminated soil or circulating polluted water through pumps and filter tanks.
  • Bioaugmentation is often used to add extra indigenous microbes or to implant exogenous species to the site. Augmentation works in conjunction with both bioventing and biosparging applications, but has limitations. Non-indigenous microbes are not usually compatible with indigenous bacteria, so much of the bioaugmentation additives are additional microbes to those already at work.

There are other bioremediation strategies for contaminated soil and groundwater sites. Oil and petroleum waste is a big problem in many spots. So is gassing off from methane produced by biological action. Most regulatory bodies are strict about adding other pollutants into the environment, which is a side problem for the bioremediation process.

Oil is lighter than water and notoriously floats on the surface, creating a hazard for runoff and secondary pollution. Methane gas is smelly and highly offensive when released in large quantities. This frequently happens when contaminated soil is stirred, but passively occurs through bioventing and biosparging. Three techniques are available to control bioremediation side effects:

    • Oil/water separators skim surface petroleum pollutants and separate them for containment and recycling. Decontaminated water is then recirculated back on the site.

  • Air strippers work to pull air from soil and clean it before releasing it back into the atmosphere. This remediation assistance prevents polluted air from escaping the soil and getting out where it can’t be contained.
  • Soil vapor extraction is a process where contaminated gases are collected from the soil and dissipated through mechanical devices. This technique is often used alongside biosparging. Like oil water separators and air strippers, soil vapor extractors are specialized pieces and require experienced operators.


Bioremediation Uses

Bioremediation has become the main choice for contaminated site recovery in America. It’s commonly used around the world for all sorts of situations where previous human activity has left the location damaged and unusable without remediation. As the country’s population grows, there are less available landfills to relocate polluted material. This makes bioremediation very attractive. Thanks to advancing science, bioremediation is also economical.


Contaminants in polluted soil and water cover a broad range of organic and inorganic compounds. They also cover bacteriological and even radioactive parameters. Some of the uses for bioremediation intervention include these site types:

    • Petroleum stations can have corroded underground tanks. Gasoline and diesel fuel leach into the ground and remain long after the station’s service life expired. Petroleum products are particularly receptive to bioremediation.
    • Industrial sites where chemicals used in production are spilled or discharged in effluent. Heavy metals like lead and chromium are tough to remediate, but many lesser pollutants are biologically neutralized.
    • Landfills that overfill and leach or are decommissioned are well-suited to bioremediation. Methane gas is a common byproduct, but can be controlled through air stripping and scrubbing.
    • Farms where over-fertilizing occurs are excellent candidates for bioremediation. This includes chemical fertilizers and animal waste products.
    • Lumber processing yards are often polluted from wood preservatives. They commonly leach into the soil and groundwater, but can be cleaned up through bioremediation efforts.

  • Onsite sanitation systems contaminate soil and groundwater when septic tanks and disposal fields fail. These sanitary system overflows are highly responsive to biological treatment.
  • Mine site tailings can be extremely toxic. Bioremediation efforts have proved very successful in detoxifying old mine quarries and pits.
  • Accidental chemical spills alongside transportation routes have been remediated through biological treatment. This includes petroleum discharges and even road salts.


Benefits of Bioremediation

The biggest benefit from using bioremediation processes is its contribution to the environment. Bioremediation uses nature to fix nature. Properly applied by knowledgeable people using specialized equipment designed for bioremediation, this is the safest and least invasive soil and groundwater cleanup available.


Bioremediation works for organic pathogens, arsenic, fluoride, nitrate, volatile organic compounds, metals and many other pollutants like ammonia and phosphates. It’s effective for cleaning insecticides and herbicides, as well as saltwater intrusion into aquifers.


The major benefits of bioremediation are:

    • Completely natural process with almost no harmful side effects
    • Carried out in situ for most applications with no dangerous transport
    • Quick turnaround time to make soil and water useful
    • Minimal equipment needed except for specialized pieces
    • Positive public acceptance due to organic process and little disturbance
    • Cost effective to maintain and economical to input
    • Lowers liability, as contaminants are less likely escape
    • Little energy consumed compared to incineration and landfilling
    • High acceptance from regulatory authorities


    Specialized Bioremediation Equipment

    There are certain specialized pieces of bioremediation equipment available. Some of it takes knowledgeable operation by trained and skilled people, but much bioremediation equipment is relatively easy to use. Training and maintenance service is easily available from the right supplier and manufacturer of bioremediation equipment.

    This specialized equipment is also relatively inexpensive when compared to heavy machinery and trucks required excavating and hauling off polluted soil. There is also no need for complicated pumps and reservoirs needed for decontaminating groundwater. Here are examples of some specialized bioremediation equipment:

    • Soil and groundwater remediation systems offer fully integrated, pre-wired and pre-piped turnkey operations that are factory tested and ready to use in the field. They’re available with air sparging, biosparging and soil vapor extraction systems. These systems also handle air stripping and oil-water Complete systems are mounted on exposed or enclosed trailers and can be custom-designed to specific needs. They’re the latest in bioremediation technology.
    • Fully integrated custom environmental remediation systems go a step beyond. They set the standard for the entire industry. These complete custom-built systems include standard air sparging and soil vapor extraction. There are dual-phase extraction systems with thermal catalytic oxidizers, along with liquid and vapor-phase carbon adsorption.
    • Dual-phase recovery systems fill the gap. They do two jobs in one by using a vacuum blower and a moisture separator. Gauges, NEMA IV control panels and lever controls can be custom-designed to exacting specifications. Options include filter vessels, oxidizers and manifolds with flow indicators. These can be conveniently trailer-mounted.
    • Soil vapor extraction systems include a blower and vacuum pump. All components are fully integrated with marine-grade aluminum skids. They can also be mounted on an enclosed trailer to protect the investment.
    • Air sparging systems have both a compressor and blower. Heat exchangers are available if required. All controls, gauges and indicators can be custom-ordered and designed to individual needs.
    • Low-profile air strippers have a turbo tray design. They’re high-performance and low-maintenance.
    • Air/water separators are structurally sound to withstand full vacuum applications. They’re corrosion-free and can be used in any site condition.
    • Enhanced oil/water separators are used above the ground for surface spill cleanup.
    • Mobile dewatering aerators efficiently remove hydrocarbons at flow rates up to 500 GPM.


    Make ESD Waste2Water Your Bioremediation Equipment Provider

    ESD Waste2Water is a worldwide leader in environmental remediation and industrial wastewater treatment equipment. We design and manufacture cutting-edge technology environmental protection equipment at our factory in Central Florida. We also install, service and train customers in safe and responsible methods of biologically protecting the earth and water.

    Let our wastewater systems and wastewater recycling team help you choose the right bioremediation equipment for whatever environmental cleanup site you have. We can also custom-design any piece you require, and we can build you a complete system. We also provide technical support and preventive maintenance packages to make sure you stay in business.

    Please view our environmental remediation products and choose what’s best for you. If you can’t find the right equipment, we’d be pleased to make it for you. Contact EDS Waste2Water today at 1-800-277-3279 or online.

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guide to wash water banner


Many people take their water supply for granted. Some are fortunate enough to live where they seem to have a virtually unlimited water supply. Given that water covers most of the Earth, it might appear that we’ll never run out of a clean and dependable water supply. On a perfect Earth, water sanitation would not be a problem.

The truth is somewhat different. According to the United States Geological Survey, nearly 97 percent of the Earth’s water supply is saline or salty. It’s non-potable and unfit for human consumption or general utility use. Two percent is frozen as ice. That means only one percent of available water is fresh and useful to us. Freshwater can be in the form of goods like drinking and irrigation water or as a service for generating hydroelectricity, supplying recreation or being available as wash water for equipment.

As the Earth’s human population grows, there’s an ever-increasing demand for purified fresh water. With a high demand comes a dwindling supply. That presents a challenge to use our water resources wisely, especially in how we use wash water. Recycling wash water is a top conservation method, and it protects our precious resource for ourselves and future generations. Now, more than ever, we rely on water filtration technology.

What Is Wash Water?

Wash water is any water used to clean or wash materials. That can be anything from the water you use in your shower to the water you wash your car with. It also applies to the huge amount of water consumed in the commercial and industrial equipment washing industry.

Washing commercial equipment such as heavy machinery or golf course management vehicles requires a lot of water. Fortunately, much of the commercial wash water consumed on a daily basis can be recycled. Wash water treatment is contained, cleaned to a “gray” water state and reused on a continual cycle. Recycled wash water never enters the environment’s water table and does not contribute to pollution problems.

“Gray” wash water refers to supplies that are unsuitable for human consumption as “potable” water. However, recycled gray water is perfectly suited for washing equipment and equipment parts wash stations found across the nation and around the world. Advanced technology now allows for dependable water treatment processes at an affordable cost.

Today, it can be much more economical to recycle wash water that continuously runs through fresh supplies. It’s also more ethical and responsible for the environment to reuse wash water rather than waste it. Collecting wash water, treating it and recycling it over and over is simply the right thing to do.

How Is Waste Water Created?

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Practically every household and business in the country creates some form of wastewater. Common wastewater comes from cooking, cleaning, toilet and hygiene activities, and this generates massive water volumes daily. Most of those activities are unavoidable, and the by-products are routinely sent to civic treatment systems or into rural disposals.

The biggest wash water consumers are commercial and industrial businesses that need a large and reliable water supply for equipment upkeep. However, these consumers have control over their water supply and can invest in washing stations that contain, treat and repeatedly recycle a single water supply. Here are examples of large-scale wash water creators:

  • Golf Course Maintenance
  • Commercial Car Washes
  • Heavy Equipment Operators
  • Auto Parts Recyclers
  • Soil and Ground Water Remediation Professionals
  • Oil and Gas Industry
  • Mines and Mining Equipment Services
  • Equipment Rental Companies
  • Food Processors and Warehousing
  • Military Fleet Operations

The list of wash water generators goes on and on. There are different washing requirements in various situations, but these water consumers all have one thing in common. They’re able to collect, contain and recycle their wash water in equipment washing stations.

How Is Waste Water Collected?

Equipment washing stations work in one of two ways — open-loop or closed-loop.

The open-loop method is where wash water escapes down the drain, into the storm sewer and onward to its natural destination. With an open-loop system, every contaminant goes with the water. That includes detergents, grease, oil, dirt and chemicals.

Responsible equipment wash stations use a closed-loop system. That means all water used during the washing process stays trapped in a physical containment pad or rack. No polluted water can escape to damage the environment or run afoul of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) water regulations.

Closed-loop systems contain wastewater and then treat it to remove solid matter and pollutants. Treatment also reduces fine particulates that contribute to turbidity in the water. Turbidity refers to suspended sediments that give water its haze or cloudiness.

Wash water collected or reclaimed in a closed-loop pad or rack goes into a drain then immediately through a filtration system. Contaminated wastewater gets biologically treated to remove grime and gunk before being re-pressurized and returned to washing service within the closed loop. This allows using the same water supply or volume repeatedly and not allowing it to escape into the open environment.

Why Reuse Wash Water?

There are many reasons to reuse wash water. Ethically, reclaiming wash water is a sound and responsible move. Everyone has a moral obligation to conserve water and reduce our environmental impact. That’s especially important for businesses that consume large water volumes for cleaning and servicing equipment.

Economics is another good reason to reclaim, treat and reuse wash water. Water can be expensive when supplied by a metered system, and recycling wastewater significantly reduces water bills. That adds to a businesses’ bottom line, making the return on investment in wastewater treatment systems profitable in short order.

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Reducing or eliminating pollutants is highly ethical and thoroughly responsible. Preventing wash water pollutants is also economically wise, considering the many federal, state and local regulations governing water use and waste discharge. Legally, a business can suffer massive fines for water and soil pollution. These are a few of the laws regulating water pollution, and they’re good reasons to recycle wash water in a closed-loop containment system:

  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Comprehensive, Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)
  • Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)
  • Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR)
  • Oil Pollution Act (OPA)
  • Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
  • Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA)
  • Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA)

These comprehensive and extensive laws regulate all forms of chemical, biological, toxin and radiological impurities than can pollute any part of the environment’s water supply. It just makes good sense to reuse wash water and avoid conflict with environmental enforcement agencies.

How Do You Recycle Wash Water?

The best method, by far, to recycle wash water is through a closed-loop washing system. The word “system” is often overused, but closed-loop stations do use a systematic approach to cleaning all sorts of equipment. Closed-loop systems contain numerous components that work together, or systematically, to capture, clean and recycle wash water.

A wash water containment system’s primary component is its pad or rack. This is the surrounding that equipment or their parts are placed in for washing. Wash pads or racks can be fixed in place, or they can be portable. Either way, the surrounding is leak proof and doesn’t allow any water to escape during the washing process.

Pressure washers or water cannons dispense water onto the equipment under force. Typically, this water supply contains a detergent or degreaser, and it can be either cold or hot. Contaminants break free from a surfactant action, and they fall through gravity to drains of sumps in the containment pad’s base. From there, a sump pump re-pressurizes wash water and sends it through a filtration process that removes contaminants. Cleaned water then returns to the cannon or pressure nozzle, and the cycle continues.

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At ESD Waste2Water, we lead the industry in wash water treatment and supply the latest technology in wash water recovery and treatment. Here are some of the water reclamation and recovery systems and components we offer:

  • HSMS Series: The Heavy Solids Management System is designed and built for large industrial operations. The ESD Waste2Water Models 750, 850 and 1500 handle heavy-duty cleaning jobs by effectively removing solid waste and treating the wash water.
  • GSMS Series: The Golf Solids Management System specializes in cleaning golf course equipment like mowers, tractors and carts. ESD Waste2Water Models 700 and 800 work with optional grass clipping separators to break down organic hydrocarbons and suspend solids in one compact system.
  • Two-Phase Combo Unit: This is our next generation wash water reclamation unit. It incorporates a two-phase biological treatment system that converts organics like grease, oil and fuel into carbon dioxide and water. The by-product is near-clear “gray” water.
  • Wash Pads: Wash pads are the staple workhorse of any wash water containment system. They’re available in fixed and portable models that can be set up anywhere. Generally, there’s no permit required, and our wash pads are 100-percent closed-loop containments.
  • Water Cannons: When regular pressure washers are too small for large jobs, powerful water cannons can flush heavy debris like mud off large equipment. Water cannons are integral components with ESD Waste2Water Biological Treatment Systems.
  • Sludge Reduction: The Rotary Disc Vacuum (RDV) reduces the amount of sludge material to handle and removed by a certified hauler.turbity levels

What Are Turbidity and Clarity Levels of Recycled Waste Water?

Turbidity is a common phrase heard in the water business. It refers to the water’s clarity level. Turbidity is also known as haze or sediment impurity contained in a water sample.

Turbidity is a key water quality test. It’s the measure of relative clarity affected by suspended sediments and has several recognized standards. In America, technicians measure water turbidity in Nephelometric Turbidity Units (NTU). European countries tend to use the Formazin Turbidity Unit (FTU) which is also called the Formazin Nephelometric Unit (FNU). There’s also the Jackson Turbidity Unit (JTU) measurement used in some parts of the world.

Regardless of the name, turbidity is a crucial indicator of a water sample’s state, especially when it comes to drinking water. In the U.S., the maximum allowable safe limit for potable water is 1.0 NTU. That’s a strict standard considering the World Health Organization (WHO) sets a 5.0 NTU barrier for safe water consumption.

Commercial wash water turbidity levels are more forgiving. A typical water turbidity level of 250 to 450 NTUs would appear tea-like. GSMS and HSMS wash water systems from ESD Waste2Water treat reclaimed water to the 20 to 50 NTU level. Recycled water from our wash pads appears slightly cloudy but far from looking like tea.

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Will Recycled Wash Water Have an Odor?

This question often comes up when discussing wash water recycling systems. The short answer is no. That’s because a microbubble transfusion takes place within the treatment system’s biological tank. Oxygen transfers to aerobic microbes that help ensure the internal environment contains more than 12 milligrams per liter of dissolved oxygen. In this state, aerobic microbes break down organics that cause bad smells.

When using an ESD Waste2Water closed-loop wash water containment system, there is no notable odor except what’s emitting from dirty equipment. Even compatible detergents can be odor-free. There’s no need to wear respirators or breathing protection. Reclaimed water from an ESD Waste2Water system is harmless to the lungs, eyes and skin.

How Much Waste Wash Water Is Recycled?

ESD Waste2Water systems recycle as much water as possible during their operation. It’s difficult to put this in a percentage, but it’s safe to say that no liquid water escapes into the ground or other potable water supplies. That’s an assurance you can be guaranteed when investing in ESD Waste2Water recycling systems.

Some of the treated water supply evaporates or is lost through overspray. This is to be expected, especially when working in hot and windy conditions. Some operator control and diligence are expected to make an ESD Waste2Water wash water recycling system perform at its peak.

How Can ESD Waste2Water Help?

ESD Waste2Water is a Central Florida company specializing in the design, manufacture, installation and service of wastewater management equipment. We serve customers in the United States, Canada, Europe, Australia and South America. ESD Waste2Water strives to be an industry leader and help customers like you recycle wash water in an environmentally responsible and economical way.

Cutting edge technology used by ESD Waste2Water provides water reclamation operation through clever use of low-maintenance systems backed by excellent customer service. In addition to wash water recycling, we also offer soil remediation services.

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ESD Waste2Water offers top-quality products along with first-rate services. Our core focus is on environmental stewardship through water conservation and recycling. Some of the ways ESD Waste2Water can help include:

  • Design expertise: Before manufacturing starts, all our systems are professionally designed by engineers experienced in the water reclamation field. We also provide custom designed solutions.
  • Manufacturing: At ESD Waste2Water, we manufacture all our reclamation systems and components in-house. This way you’re assured of top quality control.
  • Build and install servicesPart of our specialties is setting up and installing systems as well as building them. We attend your site with our own crews and make sure your components function properly.
  • Preventive maintenanceAlthough all ESD Waste2Water wash water recycling systems are designed to be trouble-free, they do require basic maintenance. Our trained technicians will prescribe a preventive maintenance program for your system and can even perform the work for you.
  • TrainingWe don’t just build, install and maintain your water recycling system. We also train you and your employees how to operate it.

For a complete line of wash water recycling systems and components, ESD Waste2Water has it. Call us at 855-383-7135 to discuss how we can help design and configure the right system for your needs. You can also reach us through our online contact form.